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How to Become a Pilot: 6 Essential Steps

How to Become a Pilot: 6 Essential Steps

Imagine a life where you're not confined to the ground and your daily commute involves cruising thousands of feet above the Earth's surface. This is the world of pilots, where the sky is not the limit—it's just the beginning.

Whether you envision yourself flying for leisure or as a career, the path to becoming a pilot opens doors to extraordinary experiences.

In this guide, we'll demystify the path to becoming a pilot, from your first steps toward your aviation dream career.

What Are the Duties and Responsibilities of a Pilot?

A pilot is responsible for safely operating an aircraft, managing its systems, and ensuring the well-being of passengers and crew. They execute takeoffs, landings, and navigate through flight paths while constantly monitoring weather conditions.

Effective communication with air traffic control and, when applicable, passengers is essential. Pilots must make critical decisions, particularly during emergencies, prioritizing safety above all else. They manage fuel consumption, conduct pre-flight and post-flight inspections, and maintain meticulous documentation.

A pilot's role involves adhering to aviation regulations, ongoing professional development, and being a steward of safety and precision in the aviation industry, ensuring each flight is secure and smooth.

How to Become a Pilot

Becoming a pilot is a structured process that combines education and practical training.

Below, we will outline the steps involved in achieving your goal of becoming a pilot, starting with the educational foundation required and progressing toward obtaining your pilot's license.

Research and Meet the Prerequisites

When you're thrilled about starting a new journey, research might not be the most exciting part, and you might be eager to dive into hands-on training. But here's the thing: research is absolutely essential to become a pilot. It means thoroughly understanding the requirements, financial aspects, and career prospects in the world of aviation.

Some of the aspects and prerequisites to consider are:


To begin pilot training, it's essential to understand the age requirements set by aviation authorities. In many regions, you must be at least 16-17 years old to start training for a private pilot license (PPL).

Educational Prerequisites

Determine if there are any educational prerequisites for pilot training programs. In most cases, a high school diploma or equivalent is sufficient to start training for a PPL. However, higher-level licenses, such as a commercial pilot license (CPL) or airline transport pilot license (ATPL), may have more stringent educational requirements. It's crucial to verify these prerequisites with the specific flight school or training program you intend to enroll in.

Medical Requirements

Pilots must meet specific medical standards to ensure they are physically and mentally fit to fly. Depending on your location, you will need to obtain a medical certificate or undergo a medical examination conducted by an aviation medical examiner (AME). Different classes of medical certificates are available, and the class required depends on the type of pilot license you plan to pursue.

Background Checks

Many aviation authorities may require background checks, including criminal history checks, before granting certain pilot certifications. Be prepared to undergo these checks if necessary.

Language Proficiency

Proficiency in the language of aviation (often English) is typically required. You may need to demonstrate your ability to communicate effectively in this language, especially for international flight operations.

Enroll in a Flight School or Training Program

Research is key when selecting a flight school or training program. Look into their reputation, location, and facilities. Check instructor qualifications and the training curriculum. Consider costs and inquire about financial aid or scholarships. This research ensures you choose the right school for your pilot training journey.

You can typically follow the paths below for flight training:

  • Flight School Training. Enroll in a Part 61 or Part 141 flight school, offering basic flight and navigation training. Part 141 schools have more regulated instruction, while Part 61 offers flexibility.
  • Aviation College. Pursue a college degree from an FAA-authorized aviation program, which combines academic coursework with practical flight training.
  • Airline Cadet Program. Join an airline-affiliated aviation academy for specialized training, often leading to a direct career path with the airline after initial training.
  • Military Service. Serve in the military and undergo pilot training within branches like the Army, Air Force, or Marines. Military pilots gain valuable experience and training paid for by their service.

Some prestigious and well-regarded flight training programs to consider include:

  • Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU)
  • Purdue University - School of Aviation and Transportation Technology
  • CAE Oxford Aviation Academy
  • Singapore Flying College
  • Airline Transport Professionals (ATP)

Discover an array of exciting aviation programs waiting for you in our extensive database.

Start Ground School

Ground school is a crucial component of pilot training, focusing on theoretical knowledge and classroom instruction. Its primary purpose is to impart aspiring pilots with a comprehensive understanding of aviation principles, regulations, procedures, and safety protocols, forming a fundamental base for safe and competent flying.

The timing of ground school varies across pilot training programs, but it generally commences early in the training process, often following initial introductory flight lessons or concurrent with flight training.

Some of the key knowledge areas covered in ground school include:

  • Aerodynamics (how aircraft generate lift and control surfaces)
  • Aviation regulations (rules and safety guidelines)
  • Navigation techniques (using charts and instruments)
  • Meteorology (weather theory and interpretation)
  • Aircraft systems (engines and avionics)
  • Flight planning (route calculation and weight balance)
  • Communication procedures (with air traffic control and other aircraft)
  • Emergency procedures (handling in-flight crises)
  • Human factors (crew teamwork, decision-making, and stress management)
  • Navigation instruments (GPS, VOR, DME, etc.)

This early theoretical education equips you with the necessary knowledge before progressing to practical flight training, ensuring you are well-prepared for the challenges of aviation.

Flight Training

Once you've learned the basics in theory, it's time to take to the skies in real aircraft. Flight training is where you put your knowledge into practice and become a skilled pilot. It involves hands-on flight lessons, covering skills like aircraft control, navigation, takeoffs, landings, and handling emergencies.

Your training will progress from simple maneuvers to more complex operations. Throughout this journey, certified flight instructors are there to guide you, offer feedback, and ensure you follow safety rules. Successfully completing flight training is a significant achievement that gives you the confidence and ability to pilot aircraft as you work towards getting your pilot's license.

Get Licensed

Now that you have completed your flight training and gained the necessary experience, it's time to obtain the appropriate pilot's license that matches your career goals.

The most common include:

Private Pilot License (PPL)

  • Allows you to fly as pilot-in-command (PIC) of an aircraft for personal or recreational purposes.
  • Requires a minimum of 40 to 50 flight hours, including specific hours of training and solo flight.
  • Successful completion of a practical checkride and written exams are necessary.

Commercial Pilot License (CPL)

  • Allows you to be compensated for your piloting services.
  • Requires a minimum of 250 flight hours, which includes both solo and dual flight hours.
  • Successful completion of advanced flight training, written exams, and a practical checkride is necessary.

Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL)

  • The highest level of pilot certification required for airline captains.
  • Typically requires a minimum of 1,500 total flight hours, including specific hours as pilot-in-command and in multi-engine aircraft.
  • Requires advanced training, rigorous testing, and meeting specific flight hour and experience criteria.

Build Experience and Pursue Goals

After you earn your pilot's license, the next step is building experience and pursuing your aviation goals. This phase involves getting more flight hours, gaining hands-on experience, and setting clear career goals. You can start by flying personally, teaching others to fly, or exploring various opportunities. You can also consider getting extra qualifications like instrument or multi-engine ratings to boost your skills.

Networking, attending aviation events, and staying updated with industry changes are vital for finding different aviation jobs. Whether you aim to be a commercial airline pilot, corporate jet captain, or flight instructor, this phase helps you turn your love for flying into a rewarding career.

Each flight, every challenge, and every milestone along this journey will mold you into the pilot you aspire to become. Maintain your dedication, stay focused, and above all, prioritize safety as you soar toward your aviation dreams.