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Best Countries to Work and Study for In…

Best Countries to Work and Study for International Students in 2024

Which Countries Permit International Students to Work? Find Out Each Country’s Rules

Am I allowed to work while studying abroad? This might be one of the most frequent questions that students ask before they take the road to study in a foreign country.

There are many countries that attract numbers of international students every year and allow them to work during their studies, though the rules and working hours for students are different in each country. Data indicate that more than 6 million tertiary students went to study abroad in 2019, Erudera.com reports.

In most cases, international students wishing to work while studying in a foreign country must obtain a work permit. The tables below show the largest countries where international students are allowed to work during their studies.

Note: Our team gathered all information on this page from official sources and will continue to update this page when new changes are made. Below you can find the list of countries, whether students can work during studies or not, and if they can, whether they need a work permit to work legally or not. If you want to suggest updates or would like to get in touch please contact [email protected].

Last Updated: 7 December 2023

Europe

Europe is home to some of the best and oldest universities in the world. In addition to offering quality education, these universities have proven to help with career preparation. According to Eurostat, 1.3 million international students were pursuing tertiary education in the EU during 2018.

Country Are students allowed to work? If yes, do they need a work permit? If yes, how many hours per month/year? Minimum wage per hour (Estimated) How much would a student make approximatelyper week/ month
Andorra Yes Yes, all foreign nationals should obtain a work permit for work in Andorra Part-time, 20 hours per week € 7.42 € 148,4 per week/ € 593,6 per month
Austria Yes No, they don’t need to apply for a work permit Up to 20 hours per week € 10.10 € 202 per week / € 808 per month
Belgium Yes Yes, international students usually need to have a work permit Up to 20 hours per week,there are no restrictive hours during Christmas, spring, and summer break €11.87 € 237,4 per week/ € 949.6 per month
Bosnia & Herzegovina Yes Yes, they need a work permit in advance Part-time/ 20 hours per week €1.83 €36.6 per week / € 146.4 per  month
Bulgaria Yes They have to apply for a work permit after graduation 20 hours per week during their studies and holidays €1.53 €30.6 per week /€ 122.4 per month
Croatia Yes Yes, they need a work permit Part-time only/ 20 hours per week €4.04 €80.8 per week / €323.2 per month
Cyprus Yes Yes, they need a work permit from Immigrant Authorities Part-time/ up to 20 hours € 5.87 €117.5 per week/ €469.6per month
Czechia Yes A student must be enrolled in a degree program accredited by the Ministry of Education to be eligible to work 20 hours per week during the full-time studies & 40 hours per week in summer/holiday breaks €4.36 to€ 8.72 €87.2 to €174.4 per week / €348.8 to €697.6 per month
Denmark Yes Yes, they need a work permit or an establishment card when applying for work after graduation 20 hours per week and full-time during summer break €13 to €17 €260 to €340 per week/ €1,040 to €1,360 per month
Estonia Yes No, they do not need an additional working permit to work while studying full time and they are allowed to work on the condition that it does not interfere with their studies There is no limitation on the number of working hours for students €4.00 €654 per month - full time job
Finland Yes Only students from non-EU/EEA students need a work permit 25 hours a week during term time, and full time during holidays €11.25 €281.25 per week/ €900 to €1,125 per month
France Yes If the number of working hours exceeds 964 per year, the employer should apply for a temporary work permit on the Ministry of the Interior website on behalf of the student 20 hours per week or up to 964 hours per year €10.85 €217 per week/ €868 per month
Georgia Yes Yes, they need a work permit from Georgian government 20 hours per week maximum €4.78 €95.6 per week/ €382.4
Germany Yes They can work without a work permit 20 hours per week / full-time job for 120 days or part-time for 240 half days €12.00 €240 per week / €960 per month
Greece Yes Non-EU and non-EEA nationals must apply for a work visa and work permit to legally work in the country 20 hours per week during the semester and 40 hours per week during vacations €5.25 €105 per week / €420 per month
Hungary Yes Non-EU international students will need to obtain a permit 24 hours a week during the semester €3.43 €82.32 per week/ €274.4to €343 per  month
Iceland Yes, with limitations Yes they should apply for a work permit Non-EEA/EFTA student can work up to 15 hours per week during the academic year €15.8 €238 per week per 15h
Ireland Yes Students in full-time studies do not need a work permit in Ireland Up to 20 hours per week during their studies and full-time during vacations €11.30 €226 per week/ €904 per month
Italy Yes Non-EU students need to obtain a work permit if they want to work more than the permitted hoursEU Students have no restrictions Non-EU students can work up to 20 hours/week during the academic year/ full-time during breaks €9.2 €184 per week/ €736 per month
Latvia Yes No, they don’t have to apply for a work permit while on student visa 20 hours per week during the semester/ 40 hours while breaks €3.8 €76 per week/€304 per month
Liechtenstein Yes, with limitations Yes, they need a working permit from Ausländer- und Passamt No limits on working hours apply to EU students (& citizens of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland ). Others are allowed to work up to 35% during the semester €20.00 to €35.00 €1120 to €1960 per month
Lithuania Yes They need to have a temporary residence permit to be able to work Up to 40 hours per week €5.14 €205 per week /€822 per month
Luxembourg Yes They must apply for a work or business-related residence permit at least 30 days before their current student residence permit expires. Non-EU students are allowed to work up to 15 hours per week.EU, EEA, or Switzerland students are allowed to work without restrictions €13.37 to €13.80 €200 to €207 per 15h a week/ €2,313.38 to €2,387.40 per month full-time
Malta Yes All foreign nationals need a work permit in Malta A maximum of 20 hours per week €8.11 €162.2 per week/ €648.8 per month
The Netherlands Yes They need a work permit Up to 16 hours per week and full-time in summer months €13.92 €222.72 per week per 16 hours €890.88 per month per 64 hours
Norway Yes International students in Norway need a work permit unless they are citizens of an EU/EEA country or Switzerland Up to 20 hours per week €11.00 €220 per week / €880 per month
Poland Yes No, they don’t need a work permit 20 hours per week during studies 40 hours per week during holidays €5.00 €100 per week/ €400 per month
Portugal Yes A work permit is required 20 hours per week during their studies and full-time during vacations €5.54 €110.8 per week/ €443.2 per month
Romania Yes They don’t need a work permit. Only to work more hours in the country 20 hours per week €3.66 €73.2 per week/ €292.8 per month
Russia Yes They need a work permit if the job is outside the university Up to 20 hours per week €1.81 to €3.32 €36.2 to €66.4 per week/ €144.8 to €265.6 per month
Slovenia Yes They need a contract from Student Services employment agency Students can work maximum40 hours per week €6.17 to €6.92 €246.8 to €276.8 per week per 40h/ €987.2 to €1,107 per month per 160h
Spain Yes They need work authorization Up to 30 hours per week during their studies, which includes both curricular and extracurricular internships €7.82 €234.6 per week per, per 30h/ €938.4 per month per 120h
Sweden Yes If they want to stay and work in Sweden after completing their studies, they need a work permit No legal limit on study-time, work hours,students may be allowed to work for 40 hours per week €11.98 €479.2 per week per 40h/ €1,916 per month per 160h
Switzerland Yes They should apply for a work permit after graduation 15 hours per week during term-time, full-time during summer breaks €24.00 €360 per week per 15h/ €1,440 per month per 60h
Turkey Yes They need a work permit 30 to 35 hours per week €2.17 65.1 to 75.95 per week / €260.4 to €303.8 per month
Ukraine No, it is considered illegal to work while studying
United Kingdom Yes They need to obtain a work permit and hold a Tier 4 student visa Up to 20 hours per week during the semester €10.39 to €10.75 €207.8 to €215 per week / €831.2  to €860 per month

North America

North America, which along with South America and Oceania are called “New World”, is the third largest continent in the world.

According to the uniRank database, there are 1,893 officially recognized universities and colleges in North America.

Country Are students allowed to work? If yes, do they need a work permit? If yes, how many hours per month/year? Minimum wage per hour (Estimated) How much would a student make approximately per week/month?
The Bahamas Yes They need a short-term work permit Part-time/ 20 hours per week max €4.83 €96.6 per week/ €386.4 per month
Barbados International students are not permitted to work in Barbados, only for limited hours on campus €6.67
Canada Yes They don’t need a work permit International students can work for unlimited hours €15.31 €1,787 per month for full-time
Costa Rica, No, student visa holders are not allowed to work in Costa Rica €16.35
Jamaica Yes Yes, they need a work permit international students are permitted to work in Jamaica, part-time during studies and full-time during school breaks €1.35 €27 per week for part-time/ €106 per month
Mexico Yes, under certain conditions Employer should apply for Work Permit on the students’ behalf The maximum number of hours allowed for part-time work is 20 hours per week €14.44 €288.8 per week/ €1,155 per month
Panama No, they are not allowed to work except if it is required for a course

Australia / Oceania

Oceania is a diverse place, also known to be very welcoming to international students. Australia and New Zealand are the two countries that attract the most international students.

Country Are students allowed to work? If yes, do they need a work permit? If yes, how many hours per month/year? Minimum wage per hour (Estimated) How much would a student make approximately per week/month?
Australia Yes No, they don’t On a valid student visa they can work for up to 20 hours per week, and there is no limit on the number of hours during recognized school vacations €19.66 €393.2 per week / €1,572  per month
Fiji No, international students are not allowed to work in Fiji
New Zealand Yes They need an IRD number from Inland Revenue Up to 20 hours a week during studies/Full-time during holidays €16.70 €334 per week/€1,336 per month

Asia

The world's largest continent is also a place of great explorations. From Buddhist temples to martial arts, the land of ancient civilizations offers a unique experience for international students.

Many countries in Asia are popular among international students because of the quality education universities offer, particularly Singapore. Find below which countries in Asia allow international students to work while studying.

Country Are students allowed to work? If yes, do they need a work permit? If yes, how many hours per month/year? Minimum wage per hour (Estimated) How much would a student make approximately per week/month
Armenia Yes They need a work permit 20 hours per week €1.11 €179 per month for a full-time job
Bangladesh Yes They need a work permit Up to 20 hours per week during their academic year and 40 hours per week during the vacation €70.56 per month for a full-time job
Cambodia Yes They need a work permit Under AF1 visa at community college for 20 hours per week €187.26 per month for a full-time job
China Yes, under certain conditions and limitations Yes,international students must have a valid residence permit that is issued by their local Public Security Bureau 8 hours per week. And not more than 40 hours per month €3.64 €29.12 per week/ €145.6 per month for 40h
India No, international students are not allowed to work
Indonesia Indonesia does not allow international students to work while they study in the country To be able to work, students need to have a work permit and work KITAS
Israel No, international students are not allowed to work in Israel
Japan Yes They need permission from the Japanese Ministry of Justice Up to 28 hours weekly €6.89 €192.92 per week
Jordan No, international students are not allowed to work in Jordan while studying
Malaysia Yes they need to obtain a work permit from Ministry of Labor 20 hours per week during semester breaks €317.68 per month full-time job/ 158.84 per month for part-time
Nepal Students are not allowed to work under student visa
Philippines No, international students are not allowed to work with a student visa
Qatar Only in student employment programs offered by universitiesforeign students can't work off-campus on a student visa Yes, they need a work permit They must obtain a No Objection Certificate (NOC) from their educational institution 20 hours per week €255.76 per month for full- time
Saudi Arabia No, international students are not allowed to work in the country
Singapore Yes They should hold a Training Work Permit, a Training Employment Pass, or be included in the Work Holiday Program No longer than 16 hours per week There is no legally mandated minimum wage. €1,628 per month for a full-time job 
Approximately 651.2 per month per 64 hours/month
South Korea Yes They need permission from Global Services Center (GSC) 20 hours per week €6.85 €137 per week/ €548 per month
Thailand Yes They should have a work permit 20 hours per week €202.70 per full time/ €101.35 per part-time
United Arab Emirates Yes They need UAE Work Permit Up to four consecutive hours
Vietnam Yes They need a valid work permit Part-time, 20 hours per week during the semester €184.50 for full time job, €92.25 for part-tine

Africa

Africa is the second largest continent in the world and also the most tropical. African universities, specifically those in Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa, are ranked among the best universities in the world.

In recent years, the African region has become a favorite destination for international students. See below which African countries allow the employment of international students.

Country Are students allowed to work? If yes, do they need a work permit? If yes, how many hours per month/year? Minimum wage per hour (Estimated) How much would a student make approximately per week/month
Morocco Yes They need to obtain a work permit Parti-time, 20 hours per week €1.41 €270.23 for full time, €135.11 for part-time
Nigeria No, international students are not permitted to work
Rwanda No, they are not permitted to work
South Africa Yes They should apply for a work permit Up to 20 hours per week €1.30 €26 per week, €104 per month
Tunisia No, students are not allowed to work
Uganda No, students are not allowed to work

South America

There are many reasons to study in Latin America, including the fact that hundreds of universities are ranked among the best in the world, but also the affordability.

One of the best universities in South America is the University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Country Are students allowed to work? If yes, do they need a work permit? If yes, how many hours per month/year? Minimum wage per hour (Estimated) How much would a student make approximately per week/month
Brazil Yes They need an authorization from the government Up to 20 hours a week €230.17 per month for full-time, €115 per month for part time
Chile Under student visa, they can only study
Colombia Yes Foreign nationals who engage in any work activities in Colombia should obtain a “visa de trabajo”, TP-4 Visa 20 hours per week during studies and up to 25 hours per week during summer semester € 254.68 per month for full time / €127.34 per month for part time
Falkland Islands Yes Anyone who does not have Falkland Islands Status or a Falkland Islands Permanent Residence Permit (PRP) needs a work permit to undertake employment in the Falkland Islands International students in the Falkland Islands are typically allowed to work part-time for up to 20 hours per week during term time and full-time during vacations, depending on their visa type, age, and the type of work they are doing. €8.09 €161.8 per week for part time/ €647.2 per month for part-time

Note:

  • In certain countries, there is no legally mandated minimum hourly wage. In such cases, we divided the minimum monthly wage by the maximum number of hours a student is permitted to work to determine the equivalent hourly wage rate.
  • The calculation of a student's weekly or monthly earnings aims to produce an estimated amount, as the actual amount earned may vary depending on the type of work performed. Therefore, the resulting figures should be viewed as an average or approximate amount rather than a final sum.
  • Part-time job in most cases is considered to be 80 hours per month, which is half of a full-time schedule of 160 hours
  • The calculation currency used in the study is the euro, even in countries where it is not the primary currency. This was done as an example to provide an idea of the amount involved.

Please note that minimum wages may vary over time. If you believe we have used an outdated minimum wage for any country, please contact us