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Best Countries to Work and Study for In…

Best Countries to Work and Study for International Students in 2023

Which Countries Permit International Students to Work? Find Out Each Country’s Rules

Am I allowed to work while studying abroad? This might be one of the most frequent questions that students ask before they take the road to study in a foreign country.

There are many countries that attract numbers of international students every year and allow them to work during their studies, though the rules and working hours for students are different in each country. Data indicate that more than 6 million tertiary students went to study abroad in 2019, Erudera.com reports.

In most cases, international students wishing to work while studying in a foreign country must obtain a work permit. The tables below show the largest countries where international students are allowed to work during their studies.

Note: Our team gathered all information on this page from official sources and will continue to update this page when new changes are made. Below you can find the list of countries, whether students can work during studies or not, and if they can, whether they need a work permit to work legally or not. If you want to suggest updates or would like to get in touch please contact [email protected].

Last Updated: 4 October 2022

Europe

Europe is home to some of the best and oldest universities in the world. In addition to offering quality education, these universities have proven to help with career preparation. According to Eurostat, 1.3 million international students were pursuing tertiary education in the EU during 2018.

Country Are students allowed to work? If yes, do they need a work permit?
Andorra Yes, part-time All foreign nationals should obtain a work permit to work in Andorra
Austria Yes, up to 20 hours per week No, they don’t need to apply for a work permit
Belgium Yes, up to 20 hours per week. There are no restrictive hours during Christmas, spring and summer break, International students usually need to have a work permit
Bosnia & Herzegovina Yes, part-time They need a work permit in advance
Bulgaria Yes, 20 hours per week during their studies and holidays too They have to apply for a work permit after graduation
Croatia Yes, part-time only Yes, they need a work permit
Cyprus Yes, up to 20 hours per week They need a student permit  from the Immigration  Authorities
Czechia Up to 30 days within a calendar year A student must be enrolled in a degree programme accredited by the Ministry of Education to be eligible to work
Denmark Yes, 20 hours per week and full-time during summer break They need a work permit or an establishment card when applying for work after graduation
Estonia Yes, there is no limitation on the number of working hours for students They need the work permit after graduation if they want to stay in the country
Finland Yes, up to 30  hours per week
France Yes, up to 964 hours per year If the number of working hours exceeds 964 per year, the employer should apply for a temporary work permit on the Ministry of the Interior website on behalf of the student
Georgia Yes, maximum of 20 hours per week They need a work permit from Georgian government
Germany Yes, full-time job for 120 days or part-time for 240 half days They can work without a work permit
Greece Yes, 20 hours per week during the semester and 40 hours per week during vacations
Hungary Yes, up to 24 hours a week during the semester Non-EU international students will need to obtain a permit.
Iceland Non-EEA/EFTA student can work up to 15 hours per week during the academic year Yes they should apply for a work permit
Ireland Yes, up to 20 hours per week during their studies and full-time during vacations Students in full-time studies do not need a work permit in Ireland
Italy Yes, 20 hours per week
Latvia Yes, up to 20 hours per week during the semester and 40 hours a week during the semester break No, they don’t thave to apply for a work permit while on student visa
Liechtenstein Students who live in Liechtenstein with a short-term residence permit are allowed to work up to 35% during the semester and 100% during semester breaks. Yes, they need a working permit from Ausländer- und Passamt
Lithuania Yes, up to 40 hours per week They need to have a temporary residence permit to be able to work
Luxembourg Yes, 346 hours during the academic year
Malta Yes, a maximum of 20 hours per week All foreign nationals need a work permit in Malta
The Netherlands Yes, up to 16 hours per week and full-time in summer months They need a work permit
Norway Yes, up to 20 hours per week
Poland 20 hours per week during studies40 hours per week during holidays No, they don’t need a work permit
Portugal Yes, 20 hours per week during their studies and full-time during vacations
Romania 20 hours per week They don’t need a work permit. Those with a work permit can work more hours in the country
Russia Yes, up to 20 hours per week They need a work permit if the job is outside university
Slovenia Yes, temporary and part-time work under “Student Work” They need a contract from Student Services employement agency
Spain 20 hours per week and full-time during the semester breaks They need work authorization
Sweden At least 40 hours per week during their studies, however they are allowed to work as many hours as they want
Switzerland Yes, 15 hours per week during term-time, full-time during summer breaks They should apply for a work permit after graduation
Turkey Yes, 30 to 35 hours per week They need a work permit
Ukraine No, it is considered illegal to work while studying
United Kingdom Yes, up to 20 hours per week during the semester

North America

North America, which along with South America and Oceania are called “New World”, is the third largest continent in the world.

According to the uniRank database, there are 1,893 officially recognized universities and colleges in North America.

Country Are students allowed to work? If yes, do they need a work permit?
Bahamas Yes,  part-time They need  Short Term Work Permit
Barbados International students are not permitted to work in Barbados, only for limited hours on campus
Canada Yes, international students can work for unlimited hours. They don’t need a work permit
Costa Rica No, student visa holders are not allowed to work in Costa Rica
Jamaica Yes, international students are permitted to work in Jamaica, part-time during studies and full-time during school breaks Yes, they need a work permit
Mexico Yes Employer should apply for Work Permit on students’ behalf
Panama No, they are not allowed to work except if it is required for a course

Australia / Oceania

Oceania is a diverse place, also known to be very welcoming to international students. Australia and New Zealand are the two countries that attract the most international students.

Country: Are students allowed to work? If yes, do they need a work permit?
Australia up to 40 hours every two weeks  and unlimited hours during holidays
Fiji No, international students are not allowed to work in Fiji
New Zealand Yes, up to 20 hours a week during studiesFull-time during holidays They need an IRD number from Inland Revenue

Asia

The world's largest continent is also a place of great explorations. From Buddhist temples to martial arts, the land of ancient civilizations offers a unique experience for international students.

Many countries in Asia are popular among international students because of the quality education universities offer, particularly Singapore. Find below which countries in Asia allow international students to work while studying.

Country Are students allowed to work? If yes, do they need a work permit?
Armenia Yes, 20 hours per week They need a work permit
Bangladesh Yes They need a work permit
Cambodia Yes, under AF1 visa at community college for 20 hours  per week They need a work permit
China Yes, eight hours per week They need residence permit, approval from their university and the local Exit and Entry Bureau of the region where they are  pursuing studies
India No, international students are not allowed to work
Indonesia No, Indonesia does not allow an international student to work under a student visaThey can only work if they have a work permit To be able to work, students need to have a work permit and work KITAS
Israel No, international students are not allowed to work in Israel
Japan Yes, up to 28 hours weekly They need permission from the Japanese Ministry of Justice
Jordan No, international students are not allowed to work in Jordan while studying
Malaysia Yes, 20 hours per week during semester breaks They need to obtain work permit from Ministry of Labor
Nepal Students are not allowed to work under student visa
Philippines No, international students are not allowed to work with a student visa
Qatar 20 hours per week only in student employment programs offered by universities
Saudi Arabia No, international students are not allowed to work in the country
Singapore Yes but no longer than 16 hours They should hold a Training Work Permit, a Training Employment Pass, or be included in the Work Holiday Program
South Korea Yes, 20 hours per week They need permission from Global Services Center (GSC)
Thailand Yes, 20 hours per week They should have a work permit
United Arab Emirates Yes, up to four consecutive hours They need UAE Work Permit
Vietnam Yes, part-time They need a valid work permit

Africa

Africa is the second largest continent in the world and also the most tropical. African universities, specifically those in Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa, are ranked among the best universities in the world.

In recent years, the African region has become a favorite destination for international students. See below which African countries allow the employment of international students.

Country Are students allowed to work? If yes, do they need a work permit?
Morocco Yes, part-time They need to obtain work permit
Nigeria No, international students are not permitted to work
Rwanda No, they are not permitted to work
South Africa Yes, up to 20 hours per week They should apply for a work permit
Tunisia No, students are not allowed to work
Uganda No, students are not allowed to work

South America

There are many reasons to study in Latin America, including the fact that hundreds of universities are ranked among the best in the world, but also the affordability.

One of the best universities in South America is the University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Country Are students allowed to work? If yes, do they need a work permit?
Brazil Yes, up to 20 hours a week They need authorization from the government
Chile Under student visa, they can only study
Colombia Yes, 20 hours per week during studies and up to 25 hours per week during summer semester
Falkland Islands Anyone who does not have Falkland Islands Status or a Falkland Islands Permanent Residence Permit (PRP) needs a work permit to undertake employment in the Falkland Islands.