How to Become a Cyber Security Analyst:…

How to Become a Cyber Security Analyst: Things to Consider

Safeguarding our information online goes beyond fending off hackers. While a big part of cybersecurity involves defending against hacking, phishing, and various cyberattacks, it has evolved into a broader field.

Cybersecurity now includes a wide range of activities, such as examining communication networks with a security lens, identifying weaknesses in software and hardware, and creating guidelines for secure data handling and transmission on the internet.

Here’s how to become a cyber security analyst:

Educational Requirements

Many cybersecurity analysts hold a bachelor's degree in cybersecurity, computer science, computer information systems, or related areas. Employers often look for candidates who also have practical experience in the field.

One common choice is to pursue a degree in Computer Science, which provides a comprehensive understanding of computing systems, programming languages, and software development. This knowledge is valuable for cybersecurity analysts as they need to understand the inner workings of systems to identify vulnerabilities.

Another relevant option is a degree in Information Technology (IT). IT programs typically cover many topics, including network administration, hardware, and system management. This knowledge is essential for understanding the infrastructure that cybersecurity analysts need to protect.

Check: Best Bachelor Degrees in Cyber Security & Best Master Degrees in Cyber Security.


Cybersecurity certifications validate your understanding of hacking and cyberattacks, the most effective methods and approaches to safeguard organizational privacy and security.

These certifications allow cybersecurity analysts to access comprehensive training modules and exam preparation resources. They also increase an organization's credibility by showcasing the expertise of its employees.

  • CompTIA Security+: This certification is a foundational stepping stone for many cybersecurity professionals. It covers various security topics, including network security, cryptography, and risk management. Entry-level analysts often seek CompTIA Security+ as it establishes a strong knowledge base.
  • Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP): CISSP is a globally recognized certification that goes deeper into various security domains, such as access control, security architecture, and risk management. It's pursued by experienced professionals looking to advance their careers in cybersecurity. CISSP is a mark of expertise and can open doors to higher-level positions.
  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH): CEH certification focuses on the offensive side of cybersecurity. It equips analysts with the skills and knowledge to think like hackers, enabling them to identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses before malicious actors can exploit them. CEH is particularly valuable for penetration testing and ethical hacking roles.

Essential Skills

Cyber Security Analysts have sharp analytical thinking, problem-solving skills, attention to detail, and clear communication abilities to handle security incidents effectively.

Here are some other skills a cybersecurity analyst should have:

  • Networking. Cybersecurity analysts need to be well-versed in systems and networks. They should have a broad understanding of network system components and how each can impact security.
  • Scripting. A grasp of computer scripting languages like Python or C++ is incredibly beneficial for cybersecurity analysts. This skill lets you solve encoded threats and rewrite software to enhance security.
  • Ethical Hacking. Cybersecurity analysts must comprehend hacking processes to thwart and prevent cyberattacks effectively. Ethical hacking certifications are important in preparing analysts to understand potential threats and fortify systems.
  • Operating System. Cybersecurity analysts should be comfortable working across all operating systems and platforms, including iOS, Windows, and Linux. A comprehensive understanding of these systems is essential for securing them effectively.

Cyber Security Tools

Cybersecurity tools are essential aids in safeguarding an organization's valuable data and business systems from the ever-present threat of cyberattacks. These tools work non-stop, actively overseeing computer systems and networks, and they promptly alert users as soon as they detect any potential risks.


Firewalls create a protective barrier between an organization's internal network and the internet. They work non-stop, monitoring the data entering and leaving the network. Their job is to allow authorized data to pass through while stopping any unauthorized attempts to get in. Firewalls are essential for protecting against a wide range of cyber threats like hackers trying to break in or data leaks.

Anti-Virus Software

Antivirus and anti-malware software actively scan files, apps, and processes to spot harmful stuff like viruses, malware, and ransomware. These tools have a big database of known bad things, so they can quickly recognize and stop potential threats. They work all the time to keep your devices safe, preventing data breaches.

Security Information and Event Management (SIEM)

Security Information and Event Management systems analyze data from different places in a company's network, like security logs and alerts from various security tools. SIEM systems give a complete picture of what's happening with security. They help cybersecurity experts find security issues, notice strange things, and investigate possible problems.

On-the-Job Responsibilities

A day in the life of a cybersecurity analyst is quite dynamic, shaped by the specific needs of their role. Whether you're a cybersecurity analyst or an information security analyst, your day often starts with a review of reports from the previous shift or day. This includes checking for emerging threats and spotting potential malware that might have slipped into the system.

One of the most important tasks is preparing for and responding to security breaches or cyberattacks. The process can vary from one workplace to another, but it generally involves investigating the impact of hacks or vulnerabilities in the network.

A cybersecurity analyst frequently interacts with fellow IT professionals, making collaboration a key in this field. They fortify data and network security, creating a united front against potential threats.

Ethical Considerations

Cybersecurity analysts must continuously update their knowledge to keep pace with the changing cybersecurity laws and regulations. They must ensure that their actions and strategies align with legal requirements. This means following industry-specific regulations like HIPAA, which applies to healthcare organizations, or GDPR, which governs the handling of personal data within the European Union.

A major ethical issue in cybersecurity revolves around safeguarding individual privacy and sensitive data. As data breaches and cyber-attacks become more prevalent, the risk of personal information being exposed or exploited is a growing concern. Organizations that gather and store user data are responsible for establishing strong security measures and complying with data protection regulations.

Career Prospects

Due to its rising significance, career opportunities in cybersecurity have surged. The demand for cybersecurity professionals is expected to grow by a remarkable 33% from 2020 to 2030, far outpacing many other professions.

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, we can anticipate around 16,300 fresh job openings in cybersecurity annually throughout this decade. According to the BLS, cybersecurity and information security analysts earn an average salary of $119,860 annually.