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How to Become a Librarian: 5 Steps to a…

How to Become a Librarian: 5 Steps to a Literary Profession

Being a librarian means merging your love for a subject with a commitment to serving others and creating a vibrant, informed community. Librarians are researchers, educators, and technology experts all at once. They navigate the extensive world of information, ensuring it's within reach for everyone.

Librarians work in various settings, such as hospitals, public libraries, universities, schools, museums, and businesses. In smaller libraries, they often handle all aspects of library operations, while in larger libraries, they may specialize in a specific area.

Here’s how to become a librarian:

Educational Foundation


Since most librarians require a master's degree, having an undergraduate degree first can set the stage for graduate school and enhance your chances of gaining admission to a top-notch program. Aspiring librarians have the flexibility to choose from a wide range of majors.

However, it can be advantageous to opt for a degree that aligns with the type of librarian you aspire to become. For instance, if you aim to be a public librarian, pursuing a bachelor's degree in English literature might be beneficial. A bachelor's in education could be an excellent choice if you want to become a school librarian.

If you're aiming towards technical librarianship, a bachelor's in computer science might be the ideal starting point. Your undergraduate degree can serve as a solid foundation for your future library career.

Mastering Library and Information Science


Once you've completed your bachelor's degree, the next significant step in your journey to becoming a librarian is pursuing a Master's in Library and Information Science (MLIS). This advanced degree is crucial as it equips you with the specialized knowledge and skills to excel in the library profession.

An MLIS program delves into various aspects of librarianship, including cataloging, information organization, research methods, and library management. It also provides valuable insights into emerging technologies that are transforming the library profession.

With an MLIS degree, you gain a deeper understanding of the field and demonstrate your commitment to the profession, making you a more attractive candidate to employers.

Specialization Options

Pursuing an MLIS degree gives you the opportunity to specialize in a particular area of librarianship. These specializations cater to various interests and career paths within the field.

For example, you can focus on academic librarianship, public librarianship, archives and preservation, digital libraries, or even rare books and special collections. Each specialization offers unique courses and hands-on experiences, allowing you to deepen your expertise in your chosen area.

Gaining Practical Experience


Gaining practical experience is an important step to becoming a librarian. Internships and volunteer opportunities provide you with hands-on exposure to the inner workings of libraries. These experiences allow you to work with seasoned professionals, engaging in tasks such as shelving books, assisting patrons, and even participating in collection development.

Beyond the technical skills you'll gain, internships and volunteering can be instrumental in building a network within the library community. Joining library associations, such as the American Library Association (ALA), can also help you establish connections within the library community.

Developing Essential Skills


Becoming a successful librarian involves gaining a diverse set of skills that serve your community effectively. From the art of managing information to offering exceptional customer service, staying tech-savvy, becoming a research guru, and overseeing collections, each skill contributes to creating an enriching library experience for patrons of all ages.

Here's a breakdown of these essential skills:

  • Information Management and Organization. Librarians are masters of organizing and cataloging information. This skill ensures that books, digital resources, and other materials are easily accessible to library patrons.
  • Customer Service and Communication. Excellent customer service and communication skills are important for understanding patrons' needs and assisting them effectively.
  • Technological Proficiency. Librarians must be tech-savvy. They manage library systems, digital archives, and online resources, making technological proficiency a must.
  • Research and Reference Expertise. Librarians are the go-to sources for information. To excel, you'll need strong research and reference skills to guide patrons in finding the answers they seek.
  • Collection Development and Management. Maintaining the library's collection is a core responsibility. You'll need skills to assess what materials to acquire and how to organize them effectively.

Preparing for the Job Hunt


The job hunt is an exciting phase that brings you closer to your dream career in libraries. During this phase, you'll get to showcase your skills and enthusiasm. Crafting an impressive resume, honing your interview skills, and mastering effective job search techniques are all crucial parts of this adventure.

We’ll explore these aspects in more detail, providing you with valuable insights and practical tips:

  1. Resume and Cover Letter. Your resume and cover letter are your first impressions on potential employers. Tailor them to highlight your relevant skills, experiences, and passion for libraries. Showcase your education, internships, and any specializations you've pursued during your studies.
  2. Interview Preparation. Interviews can be nerve-wracking, but preparation is key. Get ready by practicing common interview questions you're likely to encounter. Be ready to discuss your passion for libraries, your ability to work with diverse communities, and your problem-solving skills. Think about how your experiences and skills align with the specific job you're applying for.
  3. Effective Job Search Strategies. Finding the right job opportunity can be a process in itself. Use job search platforms, library association websites, and networking connections to discover openings. Customize your applications for each job, emphasizing how your background matches the role's requirements.

Job Prospects

The job outlook for librarians and library media specialists looks steady, with a projected 3% growth from 2022 to 2032. This is roughly in line with the average growth rate for all professions. It means there will be around 13,700 job openings for librarians and library media specialists each year, on average, over the next decade.

The job prospects can vary depending on the type of library and location. While traditional public and academic libraries continue to hire librarians, there's a growing demand for specialized librarians in fields like digital asset management, data analysis, and information technology.