Study in France

French Culture and Traditions: What Def…

French Culture and Traditions: What Defines France's Charming Culture


French culture, particularly art, literature, music, fashion, and food, has had a huge impact on the entire world. Getting in touch with the local culture is one of the nicest aspects of travelling to a new place. And while we might not always act according to local customs, having a few cultural tips ready can make blending into French daily life a breeze.

And, no, simply watching Emily in Paris is not enough!

Here are a few things to know about French culture and traditions:


French is the primary language used in France and is the nation's official language. French is also widely spoken in many other nations, particularly in former French colonies and territories. Despite the fact that French is the most widely used language in France, many other regional tongues and dialects, like Breton, Occitan, and Alsatian, are also widely used. France's official language of commerce, government, education, and everyday communication is still French.


France is a democratic nation without a recognized state religion. The majority of French people identify as Roman Catholics. Yet, the French government does not keep official statistics on this topic. However, a significant percentage of the population in France self-identifies as Muslim, Protestant, Jewish, Buddhist, or any other religion. In recent years, atheism has become more prevalent, and religious activity and identification have decreased in France.

Social Etiquette

Respect for cultural traditions and formal manners are characteristics of French social etiquette.

In France, it's common to greet people by saying "Bonjour" (Hello) or "Bonsoir" (Good Evening), then their title and last name. A handshake is also appropriate when meeting someone for the first time.

The art of dressing nicely and appropriately for various occasions is highly valued in France. Dressing up is usual for formal events like weddings or other elegant events.

In addition, being courteous and polite in public places is important because French people value public decorum.


French cuisine is regarded as one of the world's finest. It is characterized by its rich flavors, elegant presentation, and emphasis on high-quality ingredients. The use of sauces like Hollandaise and Velouté in French cooking is also well-known. Additionally, French cuisine strongly focuses on cheese and wine, two important aspects of French culture.

French chefs are well-respected and in high demand worldwide, and their culinary methods and recipes have significantly influenced the growth of Western cuisine.

Here are some of the most famous dishes in French cuisine:

  • Coq au Vin. This classic French dish consists of chicken braised in red wine, typically Burgundy, along with lardons (strips of bacon), mushrooms, garlic, and onions. The dish is traditionally made with a rooster, but chicken is commonly used today.
  • Ratatouille. A mix of summer vegetables, including eggplant, zucchini, bell peppers, onions, and tomatoes, are combined with garlic, olive oil, and herbs like thyme and basil to make this vegetable stew. Ratatouille can be served as a side dish or a vegetarian main course and is often enjoyed with crusty bread or rice.
  • Beef Bourguignon. This robust beef stew is created with beef cooked in red wine, along with bacon, onions, mushrooms, garlic, carrots, and herbs like thyme and bay leaves. The dish is typically prepared in a Dutch oven. It is slowly cooked for several hours until the meat is tender and the flavours have melded together.
  • Escargots. This dish is a traditional French one that uses cooked snails. Usually, the snails are prepared by being taken out of their shells and cooked in butter, garlic, and herb sauce. The meal is typically served as an appetizer, with the butter sauce added on top and the snails returned to their shells.
  • Crème Brûlée. This dish consists of a rich custard base topped with a layer of crunchy caramelized sugar. Cream, egg yolks, sugar, and vanilla extract are commonly used to make the custard, which is baked in a water bath until set. The end result is a creamy, silky-smooth dessert with a crispy, caramelized top layer that provides a delightful textural contrast.


Elegant, sophisticated, and effortlessly stylish are three characteristics that define French fashion. The French are renowned for their timeless yet modern clothes. They frequently use fine fabrics, traditional styles, and careful attention to detail in their apparel.

The preference for quality over quantity in French clothing is one of its unique characteristics. Instead of buying into fast-fashion trends, French fashionistas invest in timeless, high-quality pieces they may wear for years. They also place great importance on well-fitted, well-tailored clothing instead of loose or unflattering clothing.


Traditional clothing has been a significant part of France's fashion legacy because of the country's rich history and culture. Some traditional clothing items are still connected to French culture, despite the fact that modern fashion trends have changed.

  • The beret. A flat-crowned, spherical hat made of wool or felt, the beret is one of the most iconic items of clothing from France. Since ancient times, the beret has been connected to French culture. It is frequently worn as a mark of national identity.
  • The Breton shirt. Another traditional French garment that has become an ever-present wardrobe must is the Breton shirt, often referred to as the marinière. Initially worn by sailors in Brittany, it is a cotton shirt with horizontal blue and white stripes. It is a popular option today for men and women and is frequently worn with shorts, jeans, or skirts.
  • The traditional French dress. The robe à la française gained popularity in the 18th century and is distinguished by a fitted bodice and a long skirt. It was constructed from expensive fabrics like silk and brocade. Lace, ribbons, and bows were frequently used as decorations.


Like traditional French fashion, French modern clothing is distinguished by its elegance, sophistication, and attention to detail. However, current French clothing has also changed to include modern styles and trends. Yet, it notably keeps a timeless and classic appearance.

Bold colors, prints, and patterns are used in modern French clothing, which gives the traditional French look an amusing and enjoyable touch. Popular patterns include polka dots, stripes, and florals, as well as vivid colors like fuchsia, emerald, and royal blue.

The most well-known French fashion brands, renowned for their timeless designs, high-quality materials, and attention to detail, include Chanel, Dior, Yves Saint Laurent, and Louis Vuitton.

French designers are widely regarded and sought after worldwide, and French fashion has significantly influenced the global fashion business.


French art has a vast and rich history that spans centuries, with various periods and styles that have affected and inspired artists worldwide. French art's beauty, refinement, and originality have greatly shaped French culture and identity.

Gothic architecture, marked by its towering, pointed arches and exquisite stone carvings, is one of the earliest and most well-known forms of French art. The Gothic era saw the construction of several of France's most renowned structures, including Notre Dame Cathedral and the Palace of Versailles.

From Cubism and Surrealism to Abstract Expressionism and Pop Art, French modern and contemporary art spans an extensive range of genres and movements. Henri Matisse, Marcel Duchamp, and Yves Klein are just a few French painters who have significantly influenced modern and contemporary art.


In France, a variety of sports are played and loved. Rugby, basketball, tennis, cycling, handball, and football (soccer) are a few of the most popular sports in France.

Millions of people in France support local teams and the national squad, which has twice won the FIFA World Cup—in 1998 and 2018. Football is by far the most popular sport in France. Some of the top football teams in Europe, like Paris Saint-Germain and Olympique de Marseille, play in the French professional football league known as Ligue 1.

Another well-liked sport in France is cycling, and the country annually hosts the Tour de France, one of the world's largest cycling competitions. Millions of spectators from France and throughout the world follow the challenging three-week Tour de France, which draws some of the best riders in the world.

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